liptinite

n
macerals that exhibit lower reflectance than other organic substances in a coal, appearing black to dark gray and that fluoresce under blue to ultraviolet light in coals ranked high volatile bituminous and lower.
DISCUSSION — The fluorescence of liptinite distinguishes fine-grained liptinite from similar sized, low reflectance, nonfluorescing clay minerals. Liptinite is derived principally from lipid substances forming skins (exines) and resinous secretions or exudates of plants. Liptinite is subclassified on the basis of morphology inherited from plant structure. In coals in which vitrinite reflectance exceeds about 1.4 %, liptinite can be indistinguishable from vitrinite. Liptinite has the highest volatile matter yield of the macerals in a coal.

ASTM D121-09a Standard Terminology of Coal and Coke. 2014.

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